According to a recent clutch giving out by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Afghanistan is presently the world's greatest maker of opium, the raw component for opiate. In 2005, maximum of the heroin sold-out in Europe was reflection to originate from Afghanistan.

Strategies are constantly existence wanted to carry off agriculture of the controlled substance poppy in this administrative district. One of the primary technical hitches to get through is that a figure of Afghan farmers who vegetate flower do so because they have no otherwise executable options; else crops simply don't tender the aforementioned point of proceeds.

One needed tactical manoeuvre towards the glory of this strategy, therefore, is to provoke Afghan farmers to push secondary crops that will be able to allot them a income.

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"Essential oils as alternatives to the controlled substance poppy?"

Afghanistan has a high plane of biodiversity, and a numeral of 'niche' crops, suitable to agriculture in Afghanistan, are right now one investigated as alternatives to the controlled substance flower. These contain flowers from which crucial oils and spices are derived, as well as new fruit crops.

Essential oils

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A numeral of companies in Afghanistan are investigation the harvest of chief oils specified as resentful orange bloom and rose for use by the toilet article industry. Orange flower and rose are autochthonal to Afghanistan, as is jasmine, and the environmental condition is just right for their gardening.


Afghanistan is loaded in herbs and spices, and the administrative division before now includes ginger, curcuma domestica and saffron crocus among its exports. Saffron in specific is an superlatively rich crop: the hydrocarbon dried stamens of the flowers have been used wide for thousands of years, not single in culinary but besides to form perfumes, dyes and flavorer medicines. Saffron is much in put in for in the west, and its use in Afghanistan as a thinkable secondary to flower is at the moment someone evaluated.

Fruit crops

Apricots, grapes and raisins, and nuts, such as as almonds, pistachios and walnuts, are merely commercially cultivated in Afghanistan for exportation to some other countries. Markets for less public crops, such as as mulberries and pomegranates, some of which are widely adult in Afghanistan, are as well someone investigated (especially in feathery of the new popularity in the westernmost for pomegranates as the hottest wellness remedy).


In writ to come through the thriving eradication of controlled substance flower cultivation, it is needed that Afghan farmers are competent to change realistically viable secondary crops. Although a numeral of crops are currently someone evaluated, the discovery of secondary turnover opportunities will in all likelihood issue masses years, and will force long-term committedness from, and investment for, those who may be adversely affected by switching from flower socialisation.


  • - counternarc.pdf

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